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The primary focus of vapers, regardless of experience level to an extent, mainly centers on the flavors and the nicotine levels of the preferred e-liquids, as well as what hardware setup (device, tank, coils, etc,) to use, in order to vape your e-juice. The step is subsequently followed by increased experience with electronic cigarettes and vape pens, leading to new knowledge and focus on wattage and variable voltage as well as their effects. Once these vapers gather enough experience, they are then able to move up later move on into the world of MODs and RDAs/RBAs.

One very important consideration usually ignored by both experienced and new vapers alike is the base of their preferred e-liquid, be it the vegetable glycerin (VG) and the propylene glycol (PG). A proper mixture will bring about a good throat hit and/or vapor production.


Learn some basics from this piece and improve your next experience.

The Most Common PG-VG Ratios and their Importance
Here is a guide on the likelihood ratios mostly for your usage in the event to intend to make a mixture of PG and VG e-liquids to gain that desired throat hit and/or vapor production.

  • 20% PG / 80% VG: This ratio produces lots of vapor, thick for that matter, and very little throat hit is achieved. The flavor is affected in this instance by the VG. It should, however, be noted that too much VG can destroy the system by producing gunk on the wicks and the coils.
  • Maximum VG or 100% VG: The reasons for adopting a 100% VG ratio is due to allergic reactions to PG or the need to achieve a competitive cloud chasing advantage while vaping. Throat hit, in this case, is null and the VG alters the entire flavor. NOTE: some e-juices that say “MAX VG” can also have a 99/1 or 90/10: VG/PG ratio.
  • 30% PG / 70% VG: For those interested in vapor, this is the most likely combination. This mixture similarly produces a little throat hit. While inhaling under the effect of the 30/70 combination, one does not get overpowered. You instantly get the better of the two worlds while under the influence of this combination.
  • 40% PG / 60 VG: If you want a bit less vapor, but still want to create impressive clouds, while also slightly increasing your throat hit, this is a ratio to have.
  • 80% VG: 20% PG: The mixes in this ratio increases vapor production while at the same time decreasing or reducing the throat hit produced by the system.
  • 50% PG: 50% VG: This is the point recommended as the start for new vapers. The combination has however been altered to 30/70 as the new norm, producing good inhale and exhale experience. If you do purchase basic electronic cigarettes with cartridges, you can still find 50/50 blends out there. However, there are in cartridges, not so much e-liquids.
  • 100% PG or Maximum PG: This max PG is no longer popular. The e-juice with 100% propylene glycol produces the greatest throat hit and good flavor. The vapor achieved is slightly less than that which is produced by VG.


Other Factors for Flavor/Taste
You will establish that the bite of a blend which is heavy on PG usually has the fruit flavors or fruit tartness whereas VG thickness can lead to creamy flavors feel like one is inhaling delicious and unique dessert. The fun in vaping is to discover and to experiment, with both old and new PG/VG ratios instead of taking the dangerous route of voltage and wattage.

The Basic PG & VG Characteristics
An e-juice has two main functions. One is to produce flavor, throat hit, as well as vapor, whereas the other function is to carry other important ingredients of the juice. It should be noted that most people are not allergic to PG. The usual symptoms, if any, arising out of the use of PG include stomach upset, rashness and hives.

Most of the PG and VG are considered safe and are found in consumable products. PG has however been found to cause throat irritation, which has lead most users to switch to VG usage for their vaping experiences.

Major Characteristics


  • It is thin, has no natural flavor and is non-toxic.
  • It can better contain the flavors added to an e-juice when being vaped from an electronic cigarette.
  • It can last longer in shelves than other solvents.
  • It produces a greater throat hit, hence most preferred for electronic cigarettes.



  • It is thick with natural flavor and is naturally available with a sweet taste.
  • It is organic, hence cannot last in shelve for long.
  • It creates a lot of vapor when used in an e-liquid and produces less throat hit, hence not used in electronic cigarettes as much. For MODs and their tanks (glass or Pyrex), it is used for cloud chasing in most instances.


Why Should PG and VG be mixed?
Vape juice manufacturers are moving from the production of single PG and VG e-liquids. The discovery of the PG/VG mix brings together the best elements present in each of the two solvents. The combination has provided options for vapers in the market.

As far as the PG/VG ratios are concerned, one should go the extra mile of discovering which ratios work best for them and their vaping preferences. Always remember that nicotine concentrates are not available in VG suspensions and high VG content can take long to steep while in use. You are, however, encouraged to start with a 70/30 or 50/50 combination as your baseline.



Tags: PG/VG ratio, solvents, e-liquids, e-juices, vape juice, flavor, throat hit, clouds, devices, electronic cigarettes, MODs, vape hardware, vapers, vaping, tips


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